In accordance with the State Program for the implementation of the Strategy of Action, new forms of employment are being introduced into the legislation.
It is planned to prescribe the rights and duties of our citizens who work in Uzbekistan under an agreement with foreign employers outside the country and are not its tax agents (remote employment).
The Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations notes that this format of work is gaining in Uzbekistan more and more. Therefore, the issues of social insurance of these citizens, accounting for their length of service (keeping labor books) and, of course, paying taxes, are on the agenda.
Experts emphasize that this category of workers should be motivated to pay taxes and social contributions, so that in the future there are no problems (for example, when assigning a state pension).
The Ministry has developed appropriate amendments to the Labor Code. They provide for the peculiarities of distance work: the order of employment (employment) and the conditions of work, the mechanisms for recording the length of service and maintaining the “electronic work book.” After the appropriate elaboration, the bill will be placed on the portal regulation.gov.uz for a broad discussion.
The amendments have to solve a number of problems. So, according to the legislation of Uzbekistan, entries in the employee’s work record, whether in “paper” or “electronic”, are entered by the employer. Probably, it will be necessary to recognize (nostrify) documents or records made by foreign employers in title documents of state standard. It should be borne in mind that in many countries labor books of employees are not maintained, and periods of work and positions are reflected in the employee’s resume, information from which can be verified through a request to the employer or access to open databases.
At the same time, the necessary infrastructure is being formed, so that those engaged in remote work could realize their rights without problems. Since 2019, it is planned to introduce an interactive service for providing information on labor activity through the EPIU. It may be available to other people. The length of service shall be taken into account provided that the employer provides relevant information to the tax authorities as part of the tax reporting on the unified social payment and insurance contributions to the extrabudgetary Pension Fund.
Anvar Yuldashev, norma.uz